Istanbul is considered to be one of our most significant provinces in terms of culture, economy and wealth. Istanbul is the 34th city in terms of its economic size. Istanbul, surrounded by seas on three sides and presenting an amazingly rich history, has been established in the northwest of Turkey along the Sea of Marmara and the Bosporus and surrounding the Golden Horn. Istanbul has the distinction of being located on two continents and is divided by Bosporus as the European Side and the Asian Side. Both Black Sea and Mediterranean climates are observed in Istanbul. Istanbul has a temperate climate. Summers are hot and humid while winters are cold, rainy and sometimes snowy. High humidity makes a hot day feel hotter while making a cold day feel colder. The city has a rich flora and soil. 2500 plant species can be observed. It is possible to see rare animal species in the forests of Istanbul. Furthermore, Istanbul is located on the migration route of birds.
The Basilica cistern was built in particular to meet the water requirement of the region where the palaces of Istanbul were located and it is famous for its columns and medusa heads which can be observed in the cistern. The Basilica cistern with many admirable visual beauties in addition to the water, lights, position of columns and is open today for visiting as a place where a lot of activities are held.
Galata Tower, one of the most outstanding symbols when the silhouette of Istanbul is observed, has survived as a building which has witnessed the Genoese, Byzantium and Ottoman eras in the historic peninsula with the excellent view thereof overlooking the Bosporus. Today, it is open to visitors as a Cafe, Bar and Restaurant as well as an open air museum.
Topkapı Palace, which has been used as the center of the government for many years and which bears the marks of numerous secrets and history 700-year of the Ottoman Empire, has a dominant position overlooking almost all parts of Istanbul. In addition to its being the residential area of sultans, governors and princes it also hosts private areas such as the Hare and the Treasury Department.
Istanbul Archeology Museum
Istanbul Archaeology Museum, which houses many works as to the world’s history including the world’s first love poem and the sarcophagus of Alexander the Great, houses numerous significant works of not only Anatolia but also the of world history. The Museum has a rich collection which can appeal to people of all ages.
The place which has been operated as a coffeehouse for many years is famous as the renowned French writer’s being a frequenter of the place. You can go to the top of the hill by cable car from where Istanbul and the Golden Horn can be seen from a very special perspective. It is also very close to Feshane and Eyüp Sultan Mosque.
Aqua Florya, houses the world’s largest thematic aquarium named Istanbul aquarium. It serves its guests in Florya district of Istanbul with a closed parking area, a 900-seat outdoor amphitheater, 11 cinema halls with a capacity of 1380 guests, landscaping and walking areas with an area of 52,000 m2, exhibition areas and cultural fields and a great square with an area of 13,000 m2 and a wide variety of brands.